Propagation is the process of creating new plants from existing plants. Every houseplant lover seeks to expand their collection. Propagation is the mostly cost free way of accomplishing this! There are two main types of propagation: sexual and asexual but we are going to talk about asexual propagation because that’s the more common way many houseplant enthusiast propagate plants.
- In Asexual propagation, a new plant is created from a part of an existing plant. This can be done by taking cuttings, dividing the plant, or layering. This is the method many hobby plant collectors do to expand their plant collection.
There are many different methods of propagation, and the best method for a particular plant will depend on the species of plant and the desired results. For example, some plants are easier to propagate from cuttings, while others are easier to propagate from division.
Propagation is a great way to increase the number of plants in your garden or home, and it is also a fun and rewarding hobby. With a time, you can learn to propagate many different types of plants.
Here are some of the most common methods of propagation:
- Water propagation: (My Personal Favorite) This is an easy way to propagate many different types of houseplants. Simply cut a healthy stem from your plant and place it in a jar of water. The stem will eventually develop roots, and you can then plant it in a pot. Some plants you will need to have an aerial root on the stem that you place in water. Other houseplants may not need an aerial root present.
- Leaf propagation: This method is best for plants that produce leaves that can easily be detached from the plant, such as African violets, Begonias and Peperomia. Simply remove a healthy leaf from your plant and place it on a moist potting mix. The leaf will eventually develop roots and a new plant will form.
- Air layering: This method is a bit more advanced, but it is a great way to propagate plants that are difficult to propagate by other methods. To air layer a plant, you will need to make a cut in the stem and then cover the cut with moist sphagnum moss. The moss will help to create a humid environment around the cut, which will encourage the plant to form roots.
- Division: This method is best for plants that form clumps, such as spider plants and African violets. To divide a plant, carefully separate the clumps and replant them in separate pots.
No matter which method of propagation you choose, it is important to follow the correct steps to ensure success. The steps will vary depending on the method of propagation, but some general tips include:
- Use a sharp knife or shears to make clean cuts. This will help to prevent the plant from getting infected.
- Use a rooting hormone to help the plant root faster. Rooting hormone is a powder or liquid that can be applied to the cut end of the stem or leaf.
- Place the plant in a warm, humid environment. This will help the plant to root faster.
- Be patient. It may take some time for the plant to root. Once the plant has rooted, you can transplant it into a pot.
Keep an eye on your cuttings throughout the propagation process. Check for roots, rotting and plant death. Some propagations can be saved if they are in distress if detected early enough. I hope this was helpful and that you go on to make hundreds of new plant babies!